Tuesday 1st September 2015
Today is the first day of the liturgical year in the Eastern Orthodox churches.
On this day in 717, a Muslim armada with 1,800 ships, besieging Constantinople, was defeated by the Byzantine navy
through the use of ‘Greek fire’, a kind of flame-thrower which could spray enemy ships with burning liquid or powder.
On this day in 1532, Lady Anne Boleyn was accorded the title of Marquess of Pembroke by her fiancé, King Henry VIII of England.
On this day in 1644, James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose, defeated the Earl of Wemyss’s Covenanters (Scottish equivalents of the Parliamentarians in England)
at the Battle of Tippermuir, now Tibbermore in central Scotland. The victory revived the Royalist cause for a time.
Today is the anniversary of the birth of Johann Pachelbel (1653-1706), German organist, composer, and educator, whose
‘Canon on D’
is one of the most popular pieces of classical music ever composed.
Today is the feast day of Righteous Joshua, the son of Nun (c. 16th century BC), whom Moses commissioned to finish the task
of conquering Canaan for the people of Israel, following their exodus from slavery in Egypt.
Today is the feast day of St Simeon Stylites the Elder (459), a Christian shepherd who, partly as a discipline and partly to escape
the attention of people who regarded him as a miracle-worker, took up residence on top of a ruined pillar in Telanissa (modern Taladah in Syria).