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must (vb)
Sing willow, willow, willow:
Sing all a green willow must be my garland.
William Shakespeare (1564-1616), ‘Othello’
Peacock butterfly on pussy willow. © Richard Bartz, Wikimedia Commons. Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
promote (vb)
The increase of riches and commerce in any one nation, instead of hurting, commonly promotes the riches and commerce of all its neighbours.
David Hume (1711-1776), ‘Of the Jealousy of Trade’
Beyer Peacock (Manchester) Z12 No. 1020 in Australia. © Arhsact, Wikimedia Commons. Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0.
value (n.)
The terms of justice, the terms of science, the value of government, are the everlasting ramparts of Greece and Rome – the father and mother of civilisation.
Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936), ‘The Uses of Reading’
The theatre at Delphi, Greece. © William Neuheisel, Wikimedia Commons. Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0.
instead of (prep.)
The Kingdom of Uganda is a fairy tale. You climb up a railway instead of a beanstalk, and at the end there is a wonderful new world.
Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965), ‘My African Journey’ (1909)
Lake Bunyonyi, Uganda. © Carine06, Wikimedia Commons. Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0.
tickle (vb)
Earth is here so kind, that just tickle her with a hoe and she laughs with a harvest.
Douglas William Jerrold (1803-1857), speaking of Australia
Melbourne Docklands, Australia. © David Iliff, Wikimedia Commons. Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0.
english language and history .com
Very short stories from history, myth and fiction
with traditional exercises in grammar and composition.
Mar 1
Wednesday
1
On This Day
The Feast of St David of Wales 1 post
The birth of Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849) 1 post
Sir Humphrey Davy engages Michael Faraday as his assistant (1813) 1 post
The Roman festival of Matronalia, said to have originated in the capture of the Sabine Women 1 post
The execution of Lady Jane Grey (1554) 1 post
St David of Wales
Music: Ralph Vaughan Williams
March 1: The Feast of St David of Wales
The popular monk was elected as bishop of Menevia in Wales in 550.

DEWI Sant, as the Welsh call him, was a Christian monk who founded twelve new monasteries in the largely pagan society of Brittany (in northern France), the West Country, and Wales.

David lived as his monks did, drinking only water, and eating only bread, herbs and vegetables.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Poor. Pour. Pore.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Water. Drink. Die.

Use together in one sentence: Deep. Each other. Bishop.

Language games with this Post: Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

The ‘Raindrop’ Prelude
Music: Frederic Chopin
March 1st, 1810: The birth of Frédéric Chopin
As the storm raged around him, raindrops fell like music on the pianist’s heart.

HE saw himself drowned in a lake; heavy, icy drops of water fell rhythmically upon his breast, and when I made him listen to the sound of the drops of water which really were falling rhythmically on the roof, he denied ever having heard them.

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Mr Faraday
Music: Jan Ladislav Dussek
March 1st, 1813: Sir Humphrey Davy engages Michael Faraday as his assistant
Faraday’s work on electromagnetism made him an architect of modern living, and one of Albert Einstein’s three most revered physicists.

YOUNG Michael Faraday worked in a bookshop, so he had plenty to read. He did not spurn his good fortune, and was especially fascinated by science and electricity.

One customer, the eminent pianist William Dance, spotted Michael’s enthusiasm and sent him tickets to Sir Humphrey Davy’s famous public lectures.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Deduction. Induction.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Read. Lay. Force.

Use together in one sentence: Electricity. Force. Machine.

Language games with this Post: Précis. Sevens. Jigsaw. Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

Romulus and the Sabine Women
Music: Elias Parish Alvars
March 1st: The Roman festival of Matronalia, said to have originated in the capture of the Sabine Women
The legend of how Rome was settled gave rise to the March festival of Roman motherhood.

THE first inhabitants of Romulus’s city were mostly desperate outlaws from outlying states, and no father would give them his daughter in marriage.

So on the advice of his grandfather Numitor, Romulus held a great feast in honour of Neptune, with music and dancing.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Peace. Truce.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Cry. Rush. Husband.

Use together in one sentence: Rush. When. Daughter.

Language games with this Post: Précis. Sevens. Jigsaw. Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

The Nine-Day Queen
Music: Ralph Vaughan Williams
March 1st, 1554: The execution of Lady Jane Grey
Lady Jane Grey’s accession was almost instantly overturned.

JUST before the young King Edward VI, son of Henry VIII, died in 1553, he unexpectedly named Lady Jane Grey as his successor, passing over his half-sisters Elizabeth and Mary.

Jane was Edward’s cousin once removed: Edward’s grandfather King Henry VII was her great-grandfather.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Council. Counsel.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Lead. Name. Progress.

Use together in one sentence: Treason. Death. Removed.

Language games with this Post: Précis. Sevens. Jigsaw. Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

The Hare and the Tortoise
Music: Muzio Clementi
One had natural talent but no discipline, the other had discipline but no natural talent.

ONCE upon a time, the hare made fun of the tortoise for his horny feet. ‘I would still beat you in a race’ the tortoise replied, ‘fleet of foot though you be.’

‘Words, just words!’ laughed the hare. ‘But by all means put it to the test, and see for yourself.’

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Progress. Process.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Race. Speed. Champion.

Use together in one sentence: Complacency. Awake. Foot.

Language games with this Post: Précis. Sevens. Jigsaw. Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.