all (det.)
In all forms of Government the people is the true legislator.
Edmund Burke (1729-1797), ‘Tracts on the Popery Laws’
Palace of Westminster from the air. © Miguel Mendez, Wikimedia Commons. CC BY-SA 2.0.
shape (vb.)
We shape our buildings, and afterwards our buildings shape us.
Winston Churchill (1874-1965)
Vyne House, Hampshire. © Simon Q, Wikimedia Commons. CC BY-SA 2.0.
eye (n.)
It was a sweet view — sweet to the eye and the mind. English verdure, English culture, English comfort.
Jane Austen (1775-1817), ‘Emma’
Glenridding, Cumbria. © David Iliff, Wikimedia Commons.
fire (n.)
What of the faith and fire within us
Men who march away
Ere the barn-cocks say
Night is growing gray?
Thomas Hardy (1840-1928), ‘Men who March Away’
York and Lancaster Regiment, Normandy, 1944. Imperial War Museums Collection, Wikimedia Commons. Public domain.
honest (adj.)
I keep six honest serving-men
(They taught me all I knew);
Their names are What and Why and When
And How and Where and Who.
Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936), ‘I keep six honest serving-men’
Wild asiatic asses, India. © Shaunak-Chitgopkar, Wikimedia Commons. CC BY-SA 4.0.
11
Sunday 11th December
November 28th ‘English style’
welcome
english language and history .com
Very short stories from history, myth and fiction
with traditional exercises in grammar and composition.
On This Day
In the ‘Glorious Revolution’, James II abdicates and William and Mary take the crown (1688)
1
The ‘Glorious Revolution’ of 1688
Music: Henry Purcell
December 11th, 1688: In the ‘Glorious Revolution’, James II abdicates and William and Mary take the crown
King James II was forced off the throne in favour of his daughter Mary, and a new English constitution was born.

LIKE his father Charles I, James II believed that as King he had a divine right to govern the country without Parliament’s blessing.

Sensationally, Charles was executed for that belief in 1649; and though England’s eleven years as a Republic had been a disaster, Parliament was unwilling to turn back the clock so far.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Right. Rite. Write.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Father. Promise. Mark.

Use together in one sentence: Divine. Reluctant. Execute.

Language games with this Post: Précis. Sevens. Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

The Langbaurgh Charter
Music: Sir Hubert Parry
Peter de Brus and his tenants agreed to work together after King John ordered a crackdown on unpaid rents.

THE wapentake of Langbaurgh, an area of modern-day Cleveland south of Middlesbrough, was granted by King John to Peter de Brus, Lord of Skelton, in 1207. Naturally, Peter was expected to pay rent to the Crown, a burden which was passed on to his tenants.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Tenant. Tenet.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Pay. Rent. Sentence.

Use together in one sentence: Court. Goodwill. Baron.

Language games with this Post: Précis. Sevens. Jigsaw. Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

The Return of Plum Pudding
Music: John Playford
The Puritans said it was unfit for God-fearing men, but George I thought it fit for a King.

RICH and luxurious plum pudding was banned as “unfit for God-fearing people” by the republican Puritans in 1647, prompting riots in Kent.

Christmas celebrations returned with Charles II in 1660, and in 1714 King George I requested plum pudding for his first Christmas in England, making it fashionable once again.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Journey. Trip. Voyage.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Set. Use. Egg.

Use together in one sentence: Bring. East. Journey.

Language games with this Post: Précis. Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

How St Euphemia Saved Christmas
Music: Jan Ladislav Dussek
The martyr St Euphemia played a vital role in preventing the message of Christmas from being watered down.

IN 428, Nestorius, the new Patriarch of Constantinople, delivered his first Christmas sermons amid controversy.

For generations, Christians had wonderingly acclaimed Mary as ‘Theotokos’, God’s birth-giver, but some in the capital now protested that it was an offence to God’s dignity. How could the Almighty undergo physical birth, or have a mother?

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Can. Could.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Fear. Hold. Attempt.

Use together in one sentence: New. Or. Deliver.

Language games with this Post: Précis. Sevens. Jigsaw. Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

Six Honest Serving-Men
Music: Felix Mendelssohn
A professional journalist and author recognises that he has met his match

I KEEP six honest serving-men
(They taught me all I knew);
Their names are What and Why and When
And How and Where and Who.
I send them over land and sea,
I send them east and west;
But after they have worked for me,
I give them all a rest.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Different. Diffident. Distinctive.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Rest. Let. Eye.

Use together in one sentence: No. Keep. All.

Language games with this Post: Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

No Thoroughfare
Music: Sir William Sterndale Bennett
At twenty-five and owner of his own business, Walter Wilding thought his world was secure, but it was about to be rocked to its foundations.

WHEN a tearful mother left her baby son at London’s Foundling Hospital, she went away knowing only that they had named him ‘Walter Wilding’. He was eleven when she returned and claimed him by that name, lavishing a mother’s love on him until she died thirteen years later.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Acknowledge. Recognise. Know.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: End. Return. Nurse.

Use together in one sentence: Former. Die. Handsome.

Language games with this Post: Précis. Sevens. Jigsaw. Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.